The only type of fish that has no backbone is the hagfish which we discussed earlier. This is the only ocean animal that is technically classified as both a fish and an invertebrate.
Which fish has a bony structure?
Class Osteichthyes includes all bony fishes. Like all fishes, Osteichthyes are cold-blooded vertebrates that breathe through gills and use fins for swimming. Bony fishes share several distinguishing features: a skeleton of bone, scales, paired fins, one pair of gill openings, jaws, and paired nostrils.
Which fish is included in phylum chordata?
bass, perch, catfish, herring, goldfish, some eels, clownfish, sailfish, etc.
Which is the distinguishing characteristic of invertebrates?
Invertebrates are generally soft-bodied animals that lack a rigid internal skeleton for the attachment of muscles but often possess a hard outer skeleton (as in most mollusks, crustaceans, and insects) that serves, as well, for body protection.
Which of the following are jawless fishes?
There are two categories of jawless fish: hagfish and lampreys.
Which of the following characteristics is shared by a hagfish and a lamprey?
Which of the following characteristics is shared by a hagfish and a lamprey? A new species of aquatic chordate is discovered that closely resembles an ancient form. It has the following characteristics: external armor of bony plates, no paired lateral fins, and a suspension-feeding mode of nutrition.
Which of the following is a jawless fish quizlet?
Jawless ﬁshes (hagfish and lampreys) are the most primitive of the vertebrates, because they are jawless and they do not have a true backbone.
Which of the following is jawless vertebrates?
Cyclostomes: Hagfish and Lampreys In fact, they are the only two groups of extant vertebrates that lack jaws.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of bony fishes?
The option that is not a characteristic of the class Osteichthyes is b) a cartilaginous skeleton.
Which of the following is not a feature of the phylum chordata?
Thus, ‘Solid tubular ventral nerve cord’ is not a characteristic of phylum Chordata.
Which of the following structure is absent in forelimb of frog?
So the correct answer is ‘Pollex’.
Which of the following structure is absent in reptiles?
In some reptiles, like snakes and worm lizards, the legs are absent. Reptiles were the first animals with amniotic eggs that are laid on land and not in water.
Which of these are invertebrate chordates?
Living species of chordates are classified into three major subphyla: Vertebrata, Urochordata, and Cephalochordata.
Which structure is absent in reptiles?
In snakes, tympanum and tympanic membrane are absent. Snakes can not receive sound waves from air. Their internal ears can pick up vibrations through ground.
Which structure represents a key innovation that arose during vertebrate diversification?
Which structure represents a key innovation that arose during vertebrate diversification? Amniotic egg. The amniotic egg is an innovation that occurred during vertebrate diversification, which allowed vertebrates to reproduce on land.
Why are all fish classified as vertebrates in phylum chordata?
Why are all fishes classified as vertebrates in phylum Chordata? Because they have a backbone. Why are lampreys and hagfish referred to as primitive fishes? They have no scales, they are jawless fishes, and they do not have a true backbone.
Why are hagfish not considered fish?
Hagfish are jawless and generally classified with the lampreys into the superclass Agnatha (jawless vertebrates) within the subphylum Vertebrata. However, hagfish actually lack vertebrae. For this reason, they sometimes are separated from the vertebrates and not even considered to be fish.
Why are hagfish not vertebrates?
Hagfish are one of the jawless fishes that comprise the superclass Cyclostomata. … Despite having a partial cranial skull, hagfish lack backbones and cannot be classified as true vertebrates. In fact, the hagfish lacks bones entirely; its skeleton is composed of cartilage.
Why are jawless fish not true vertebrates?
This notochord provides support to the hagfish’s body. Unlike true vertebrates, hagfishes do not replace the notochord with a vertebral column during development. Since they have a cartilaginous skull, they are classified in the clade Craniata.
Why do fish differ in body shapes and caudal fin shapes?
Caudal fins appear in a variety of shapes, and the shape determines how fast a fish can swim. Caudal fins with lobes of equal size are homocercal and caudal fins with lobes of unequal size are called heterocercal and give lift to the fish. The caudal peduncle is where the tail is attached to the body.
Why dogfish is called dogfish?
The common name “dogfish” originated from fishermen who described these fish as chasing smaller fish in large dog-like “packs”.
Why fishes amphibians and reptiles are included in phylum chordata?
Phylum Chordata constitutes all animals which show the presence of a notochord and dorsal hollow neural system. Fish, amphibians, birds, reptiles and mammals show the presence of these two characters. Hence, despite the number of differing features, they are included in phylum Chordata.
Why jawless fishes are the most primitive of the vertebrates?
The most primitive living vertebrates such as modern jawless fish (agnathans like hagfish and lampreys) generally lack T-cell receptors (TCRs), immunoglobulin (Ig) receptors, and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules.
Are jawless fish invertebrate chordates?
There are a few groups of chordates that do not possess a backbone (these organisms are not vertebrates and are instead referred to as invertebrate chordates). The animal classes that are vertebrates include: Jawless fish (Class Agnatha) Armored fish (Class Placodermi) – extinct.
Are all animals in the phylum chordata vertebrates?
All vertebrates are regarded as chordates. However, not all chordates are vertebrates. Vertebrates, being a chordate, have a post-anal tail, a notochord, pharyngeal slits, and a dorsal hollow nerve cord.
Are amphibians endothermic or ectothermic?
Reptiles and amphibians are ectotherms, while birds are endotherms. An ectotherm (reptile/amphibian) relies primarily on its external environment to regulate the temperature of its body. Endotherms (birds) are able to regulate their body temperatures by producing heat within the body.