What are the three basic elements of the gothic style?

The pointed arch, rib vault and flying buttress are three of the main features of Gothic architecture.

What belief of sugar is reflected in the abbey of saint-denis?

He believed that by stressing and enlarging the king’s role as vassal of Saint-Denis he could unite the king and his nobles under an idea they could mutually believe in. Suger also saw that the king could and should be protector of the peasants and the middle class. In 1122 Suger was elected abbot of Saint-Denis.

What color does cobalt oxide produce?

CoO is a metallic coloring oxide that produces blue in glazes at all temperatures (unless in very high percentages where it will be black). Black Cobalt Oxide is a key source of CoO used in glazes, glass, and enamels.

What did abbot suger believe about light in his church abbey of st denis )?

Abbot Suger believed that the church should be the liminal environment somewhere between heaven and earth. The building rises and stretches up to reach God and be bathed in his light.

What did abbot suger do to the cathedral of st. denis?

Contribution to art Suger began with the West front, reconstructing the original Carolingian façade with its single door. He designed the façade of Saint-Denis to be an echo of the Roman Arch of Constantine with its three-part division and three large portals to ease the problem of congestion.

What did abbot suger do to the cathedral of st denis?

Contribution to art Suger began with the West front, reconstructing the original Carolingian façade with its single door. He designed the façade of Saint-Denis to be an echo of the Roman Arch of Constantine with its three-part division and three large portals to ease the problem of congestion.

What did abbot suger invent?

The Gothic style was first developed in France, where the various elements had first been used together within a single building at the choir of the Basilique Saint-Denis north of Paris, built by Abbot Suger and dedicated in June 1144.

What did saint scholastica do?

Scholastica (480-543) was the sister of St. Benedict of Nursia, and is revered as the patron saint of Benedictine nuns. She is said to have established a convent at Piumarola in Italy, in accordance with the principles of the monastic rule established by her brother at nearby Monte Cassino.

What dramatic event in 1348 greatly reduced the population of europe?

The outbreak of the bubonic plague 1348 greatly reduced the population of Europe. The plague originated in Central Asia and was imported via rats on the trade ships coming into port at Messina, Sicily.

What figure dominates the iconography of chartres?

The great Cathedral of Notre-Dame (Our Lady, the Virgin Mary) dominates the town of Chartres, southwest of Paris. For many people, Chartres Cathedral is a near-perfect embodiment of spirit in stone and glass.

What improvements did abbot suger make to the abbey church of saint-denis?

Suger’s renovations included classic Gothic elements, including pointed arches, flying buttresses, clustered columns, and most importantly, space for stained glass windows. The abbey became an important burial ground for French kings, and all but three of France’s monarchs were buried there.

What inspired abbot suger’s new style?

Abbot was deeply inspired by beauty and splendour in his designs and wished to commemorate his love for his God and religion through his artistic works. Suger engineered and designed the concept of the flying buttress, which he created to provide extra support to high walls used in his designs.

What is bernard of clairvaux known for?

The French churchman St. Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153) was a Cistercian monk and founder and abbot of the monastery of Clairvaux. A theologian and Doctor of the Church, he dominated Europe through his eloquence and his counselling of popes and rulers.

What is chartres cathedral made of?

The present cathedral was constructed on the foundations of the earlier church and consecrated in 1260. It is built of limestone and stands some 112 feet (34 metres) high and is 427 feet (130 metres) long.

What is chartres famous for?

Chartres is best known for its cathedral, the Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres, which is considered one of the finest and best preserved Gothic cathedrals in France and in Europe. Its historical and cultural importance has been recognized by its inclusion on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

What is saint benedict best known for?

St. Benedict was a religious reformer who lived in Italy in the late 400s and early 500s. He is known as the “father of Western monasticism,” having established a Rule that would become the norm for innumerable Christian monks and nuns. He is the patron saint of Europe.

What is saint roch known for?

In addition to being the patron saint of dogs, Roch is the patron saint of invalids, falsely accused people, and bachelors, as well as the Italian cities of Dolo, Parma, Palagiano, and Cisterna di Latina.

What is saint scholastica best known for?

Veneration. Scholastica is the patron saint of Benedictine nuns, education, and convulsive children, and is invoked against storms and rain. Her feast is celebrated on February 10.

What is st. michael’s full name?

Michael, Hebrew Mikhaʾel, Arabic Mīkāl or Mīkhāʾīl, also called St. Michael the Archangel, in the Bible and in the Qurʾān (as Mīkāl), one of the archangels. He is repeatedly depicted as the “great captain,” the leader of the heavenly hosts, and the warrior helping the children of Israel.

What is so special about amiens cathedral?

Amiens Cathedral, in the heart of Picardy, is one of the largest ‘classic’ Gothic churches of the 13th century. It is notable for the coherence of its plan, the beauty of its three-tier interior elevation and the particularly fine display of sculptures on the principal facade and in the south transept.